Times Interest Earned Ratio: What It Is, How to Calculate TIE

Times Interest Earned Formula

Higher the ratio better it is from the perspective of the lenders or the investors. A lower ratio will signify Times Interest Earned Formula both liquidity issues for the firm and also in some cases it may also lead to solvency issues for a company.

How do you calculate times interest earned?

The times interest earned (TIE) ratio, also known as the interest coverage ratio, measures how easily a company can pay its debts with its current income. To calculate this ratio, you divide income by the total interest payable on bonds or other forms of debt.

Depreciation and amortization are bookkeeping methods businesses use to spread out the cost of long-term assets. Depreciation spreads out the cost of a physical asset over time, while amortization does the same for intangible assets .

Examples of Times Interest Earned Ratio Formula (With Excel Template)

Just like any other accounting ratio, it is advised not to compare your score against other businesses, but only with those who are in the same industry as you. It might not be necessary for you to calculate the TIE ratio, but when you are looking for funding from other companies, you will be calculating the Times Interest Earned ratio on a regular basis. If a business has a net income of $85,000, taxes to pay is around $15,000, and interest expense is $30,000, then this is how the calculation goes. Interest expense – The periodic debt payment that a company is legally obligated to pay to its creditors. To give you an example – businesses that sell utility products regularly make money as their customers want their product.

This is because it proves that it is capable of paying its interest payments when due. Therefore, the higher a company’s ratio, the less risky it is, and vice-versa. Like most fixed expenses, non-payment of these costs https://online-accounting.net/ can lead to bankruptcy; hence, the times interest earned ratio is treated as a solvency ratio. Furthermore, interest expense refers to any debt payments that your company owes to creditors in the same period.

What Does a Lower Ratio Mean?

Let’s say ABC Company has $5 million in 2% debt outstanding and $5 million in common stock. The firm has to generate more money before it can afford to buy equipment. The cost of capital for incurring more debt has an annual interest rate of 3%. Investors are looking forward to annual dividend payments of 4% plus an increase in the company’s stock price. Therefore, its total annual interest expense will be $500,000 and its EBIT will be $1.5 million. Times interest earned or interest coverage ratio is a measure of a company’s ability to honor its debt payments. It may be calculated as either EBIT or EBITDA divided by the total interest expense.

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